Posts tagged: education

Where to Startup in Vietnam

By , April 10, 2016 10:03 pm
  1. EdTech: Technology for Education.
  2. HealthTech: Technology for Healthcare.
  3. Logistics for Food Delivery.
  4. Concept Food Chain.
  5. Agritech: Technology for Agriculture.
  6. FinTech: Technology for Financial Management.

National University of Singapore

By , December 16, 2015 10:24 am

Cuối thập niên 1990s, ĐH Quốc Gia Tân Gia Ba (NUS), Nam Dương Kỹ Nghệ Đại Học Viện (NTU), và ĐH Quản Trị Tân Gia Ba (SMU) là 3 trường đặc biệt ở chỗ: sự trồi sụt thứ hạng của 3 trường này với các trường khác không còn ý nghĩa (irrelevant) trong việc lựa chọn trường du học của trẻ em Việt.

Bác Lý đã làm điều đó như thế nào? Cho vay học phí (student loan) và học bổng ASEAN. CHỈ CẦN vào một trong 3 trường công này thì mặc nhiên được vay toàn bộ học phí và ăn ở để học với lãi suất không cao, sau khi học xong sẽ được tạo điều kiện việc làm để trả nợ (bond). Nhiều bạn thế hệ mình trả xong bond chỉ sau 3 năm.

Làm sao để vào? Tầm khá khá ở trường chuyên tỉnh là vào.

Về mặt những đứa trẻ ngơ 15 tuổi thì nếu gia đình không muốn bỏ tiền cho con đi học thì mặc định cứ làm hồ sơ vào 3 trường này rồi kiếm tiếp học bổng khác (Weslyan, AusAID). Vì thế, thứ hạng của 3 trường này so với các trường khác trở nên vô nghĩa.
(Lớp chuyên LHP có học bổng và được thưởng khi thi học sinh giỏi nên những đứa không bao giờ trả tiền đi học từ 15 tuổi là theo đường này).

Như thế có thể nói chương trình student loan đã bắt được những đứa *học* giỏi nhất trong số những gia đình không thể / không muốn bỏ tiền cho con du học của những nước nghèo. Chương trình rất efficient (không biết effective cỡ nào).

Tuy nhiên chính sách thu hút nhân tài gặp sự cố nghiêm trọng sau khủng hoảng tài chính toàn cầu. Thế hệ sinh năm 1988 tự dưng gặp rất nhiều khó khăn lúc xin việc khi mà hầu hết các công ty ở Singapore đòi Thường Trú (PR), và PR khó khăn hẳn đi. Trong lúc đó, nợ vẫn treo trên đầu nếu không có học bổng.

Có nhiều cuộc đời hoàn toàn thay đổi không còn như kế hoạch.

Giống như học xong Cử Nhân lúc 2006 thì làm gì cũng dễ, còn xong lúc 2009 thì gì cũng khó.

We’re living a Chronocracy. Tạm dịch: chúng ta đang dung dưỡng một xã hội mà thời gian giết ngoé tất cả.

Thư viện NUS là nơi có thể vào ngồi ngủ khi đi du lịch mà không muốn book Marina Bay Sands. Tin tôi đi, thử rồi =))

Hồi còn là học sinh mình có hỏi thầy “Thầy ơi, nếu em không học NUS rồi em đi làm làm sao em cạnh tranh lại mấy đứa NUS?”.
Khi đi làm mới thấy chả cần phải cạnh tranh vì thị trường đủ lớn để hợp tác. Phew, cảm thấy đỡ hơn hẳn.

Nhân trường hợp NUS đứng nhất châu Á trên ít nhất 2 bảng xếp hạng.
Yếu tố đầu cơ khi chọn trường còn bao gồm dự đoán thứ hạng của trường đó nữa. Ví dụ học xong nó tăng 30 hạng thì có cớ để sống ảo, khoe trên Facebook.

A non-finance manager or business owner would want to learn the following

By , August 4, 2015 9:03 am
  1. Introduction to Financial Accounting
  2. Introduction to Management Accounting
  3. Corporate Finance for Project Management
  4. Introduction to Financial Statement Analysis
  5. Introduction to Investment
  6. Introduction to Securities Trading
  7. Introduction to Alternative Investment
  8. Corporate Taxation, Investment Taxation, Personal Taxation
  9. Investment Law

Khai sáng

By , December 18, 2012 4:12 am

Hình dung quá trình học hỏi và khai sáng giống như leo lên các tầng của một toà nhà cao vậy.

 

Mình đang ở tầng 1, người thông thái hơn ở tầng 10. Người ở tầng 10 nhìn được xa hơn, bao quát hơn và hiểu rõ hơn.

 

Theo metaphor (ẩn dụ) này, sự khai sáng có một số tính chất (property) sau:

 

 

1. Sự bao quát

 

Ở tầng trệt thì nhìn được từng mảng một. Lên tầng cao thì nhìn được bao quát và toàn diện hơn.Sự bao quát này kết nối nhiều mảng thông tin mình đã từng thấy ở tầng dưới lại thành một thông tin tổng thể mang tính liên tục và toàn diện (connect the dots). Thông tin tổng thể này có synergy nên “the whole is greater than the sum of its parts”.

 

2. Người ở tầng dưới có thể nhìn thấy từng mảng một mà người tầng trên thấy, nhưng thiếu synergy của các mảng. Người tầng dưới có thể tưởng tượng, đọc, nghe kể về trải nghiệm của tầng trên, nhưng không hoàn toàn trải nghiệm được như người tầng trên đến khi họ lên tầng.

 

3. Quan sát trong khoảng thời gian gần, độ xa nhìn được quan hệ với độ cao theo hàm ln

 

 

d = aln(h) + c + ε

 

d: distance

a: hệ số (coefficient)

h: height

c: const

ε: sai số (error term)

 

 

Theo hàm này, mới học thì tiến rất nhanh. Sau đó tốc độ tiến bộ chậm dần và càng này càng tiệm cận một ngưỡng. Yếu tố này dẫn đến yếu tố sau:

 

4. Trong khoảng thời gian xa, có đột phá (breakthrough) xảy ra

 

Đột phá trong kiến thức / suy nghĩ / tư tưởng có thể xảy ra bất cứ lúc nào và người ở tầng 10 có thể vọt lên tầng 13. Đột phá có thể đến từ nhiều thứ: được cao nhân truyền thụ, thay đổi tư duy, có biến cố lớn trong cuộc sống, du lịch và trải nghiệm, near-death experience…

 

Hai yếu tố trên cộng lại thì việc học hỏi và khai sáng không phải tuyến tính (linear).

Google Book Search makes way to horizontal expansion

By , April 25, 2009 7:14 pm

A quick review of this article on Boingboing.

As search result becomes relevant to users need and free preview is provided, Google Book Search will soon become the destination of many book readers.

Soon, Google can take advantage of this and allow searchers to actually purchase the books online directly from Google search results.

In terms of business, this makes way for Google to enter e-commerce and even distribution.

If they do, Google has not and will not compete with portal sites like Amazon, but will go from their core competency: search.

Respectively, competition against Google will not be by search, but on other territories that Google has yet dominated, such as virality and social recommendations.

Quick note: where is the big penny going to?

By , March 24, 2009 11:45 am

My caution toward Google was unnecessary and over-acting.

Google has increased their involvement in Vietnam online market by investing in the infrastructure and services. I consider load time is a quality of service.

Yahoo! is extending their presence by marketing and education efforts.

Friendster is crawling in through localization and services.

Meanwhile, Microsoft hasn’t shown a visible sign of interest in monetizing the Vietnam online market. It’s understandable as they’re putting efforts on the competition against Google and Mozilla.

Facebook in Australia – initial stats

By , March 7, 2009 9:54 am

My first fortnight in Sydney passed and the only social media entity I’m surrounded by is neither Google, Yahoo nor Twitter, but Facebook.

My experience with the University of New South Wales confirms my hypothesis on the Viralization of Facebook:

In UNSW we have over 100 clubs and societies. Student activities and career orientation programs here are organized make use of Facebook as a platform for announcements, discussions, networking and to some extent, information storage.

Newly arrived students are inevitably invited to create a Facebook account, connect to others and join many of the student groups.

Influencers are ubiquitous. And they’re not necessarily the tech-savvy; mainly, they have something to share.

Around 2,600,000 Australian are in Australian network, around 12% of the whole population of Australia.

A quick check on Alexa shows that Facebook is ranking 3rd in Australia, only after the two Google’s properties. Considering their popularity and potential to dominate the web further, I’m not surprised if Facebook wants to shift from relationship-centric to content-centric.

RMIT Vietnam Alumni System public version V2

By , February 9, 2009 2:47 pm

Organizational Structure education for high school students in Hanoi Vietnam

By , November 30, 2008 3:34 pm

High school of Foreign Languages, a member of National University Hanoi introduced a new class structure for students.

Read the story here

Summary: classes are groups into Houses which resemble Hogwarts Houses from the novel series “Harry Potter”. The name of the Houses are oriental holy creatures which protect the country: Thanh Long (Oriental Green Dragon), Bạch Hổ (White Tiger), Chu Tước (Oriental Phoenix), Huyền Vũ (Tortoise).

***

This model is an interesting when we look into details.

Originally, there are a number of classes.

Organization

Because they major in different languages, students doing the same major naturally share closer bond between one another to those doing different major.

For instance, students from English class 1, English class 2, English class 3 and English class 4 are usually closer to one another than an English student is to a Russian student.

This forms Career Orientation in these students.

Students from different major might want to prepare themselves for their careers in different ways. A rough scenario might be: German major students may want to acquire domain knowledge on heavy industries, telecommunications while Chinese major students might way to know much about trading and consumer goods industry.

Organization

What the school is doing is: group different classes into Houses, each House consists of classes doing all different majors.

For instance, the Green Dragon House could consist of English 1, French 1, Russian 1, Chinese 1, German 1, Japanese 1; the Phoenix Dragon could consist of English 2, French 2, Russian 2, Chinese 2, German 2, Japanese 2… and so on.

Organization

The benefit of this model is that it resembles real life organizational structure.

In an organization, people with same expertise form a Group of Expertise. However, different individuals are usually put together to form a Team to achieve certain goals.

For example: In a Software company, there should be Project Managers, Product Managers, Software Architects, Business Analysts, System Analysts, Consultants, Software Designers, Implementers, Graphical Designers, Testers… This forms Career Paths.

Different individuals then assigned to form a Project Team which consists of different people playing roles. This establishes Organizational Divisions.

Theoretically, Project Managers should gather in either both formal or informal meetings to share their experience in managing projects. Similarly, Consultants should also share their lessons in consultancy skills with one another. The same for Testers with testing skills. While a Project Manager can provide certain on-the-job guidance for beginning Testers, it is usually better if knowledge sharing and mentoring is done from Tester to Tester.

Career Path is vertical. Organizational Division is horizontal. Organizational Division makes sure the organization achieves its objectives by combining the skills of different resources. Career Path ensures the growth of individuals within a company, knowledge management and organizational expertise.

Let’s get back to High school of Foreign Languages Hanoi. The new organization structure should equip the students with knowledge of organizational behavior, team work and collaboration and thus prepare them to work for organizations later on.

The e-Learning 2.0 experience

By , August 22, 2008 3:29 am

The blog craze started in 2004, MySpace came out in 2002. From then till now, Web 2.0 has penetrated deeply into our lives.

You may have heard the buzz: it’s all about communications, exchange information and expressing the ego.

Have you thought of utilizing all those things for learning?

Recently I’ve been very aggressive on the net to see how we can use the applications for learning, and here I am with my key findings:

The requirements

Let’s imagine a very familiar study scenario: you’re assigned into a group to do a research on topic X.

Traditionally, the group would rely on emails, phone calls and IM to communicate and collaborate. Have you found these media difficult to classify your information?

This is how I would use Web 2.0 for learning

1. Search for information with Search EngineS

Obviously, information searching starts with search engines.

I have some hints for this:

  1. Don’t just use Google. Try Yahoo! search, Live search, Ask search and other engines. They give different results and thus, relevant information might be found from ones other than Google
  2. Try Google on different region settings. google.com/ncr (international version) yields different results from google.com.vn
  3. Try different keywords and keyword combination. Also, exploit the operators
  4. Also search for images. At least Google, Yahoo! and Live support this. Images are useful for illustrating your ideas and, in some cases, give you additional information.

Watch a slide show on Google services:


2. Ask your questions

Use Q&A service such as LinkedIn Answers to ask questions and receive information from professionals.

Watch a video explaining LinkedIn

[gv data=”http://www.youtube.com/v/RXVcq7Xg6JU”][/gv]

3. Make information comes to you with RSS

Normally you go out for information. Think about making information come to you?

Use RSS for this.

Watch a video explaining RSS

[gv data=”http://www.youtube.com/v/AwtmOPdrEL8″][/gv]

For example, if I’m looking for “globalization”, I would take these steps

  1. Go to wordpress.com/tags/globalization
  2. Get the RSS of this tag
  3. Subscribe the RSS into a feed reader like Google Reader

Then check with the feed reader everyday to see if relevant information comes in.

You can also use Yahoo! Pipes to aggregate the feeds. Click here to view videos on Yahoo! Pipes

Try exploring different sources of information you can use this trick.

4. Share links with bookmark-sharing sites

If I encounter useful webpages, I would want to share it with my group mates.

Using email would bury the link under heaps of other information. Sharing through IM stands the risk of losing the message when the program lags.

So I would bookmark the site using del.icio.us and use the function “links for friend” to share the link.

Watch a video explaining del.icio.us

[gv data=”http://www.youtube.com/v/r9s5hc3MJZo”][/gv]

5. Blog your group’s findings on group-blog powered platform

WordPress supports multiple-author. I would want our group members to blog our research everyday on our blog. This is not superficial. It helps us

  1. Collect information, thoughts, findings, analysis and intermediate conclusions
  2. Track each member’s progress
  3. Present to the lecturer our growth

5b. Share micro details

This is optional though. Some information might be very detailed and we want quick sharing methods. I would connect my mobile phone to Twitter and quickly update my thoughts on the way.

Watch a video explaining Twitter

[gv data=”http://www.youtube.com/v/ctXq1mKL7tk”][/gv]

6. Schedule activities with Calendars

Schedule activities such as meetings, field trips with Google Calendar

7. Watch and learn

Go to Youtube, not to entertain, but to learn from podcasters on the topic.

For example, this video is useful to understand Web 2.0

[gv data=”http://www.youtube.com/v/5nN-U0sDZNc”][/gv]

8. Compose Collaboratively

Use Google Docs to compose the documents. This is very convenient in such that

  1. No email chain flying around
  2. Single repository of document
  3. Better version control
  4. Many collaborators do the job concurrently

Watch a video explaining Google Docs

[gv data=”http://www.youtube.com/v/eRqUE6IHTEA”][/gv]

9. Build wiki to store develop information knowledge

Wiki is great to understand new concepts and link the information to get the big picture.

Watch a video explaining Wiki

[gv data=”http://www.youtube.com/v/hczDZXPfYn8″][/gv]

10. Relationship building

Facebook is good to build relationship with your work mates.

11. Publish your research

Publish your research as presentations on slideshare or documents on scribd to share your knowledge engage in discussion on the topic.

12. Consolidate them all into one page

There are just so much!

How’re you gonna navigate around them all?

Well, one solution is to use a homepage service like netvibes to put all these services together.

Why all these?

Too complicated? Well here are the reasons why I would do it this way

  1. Better organization of information. No email confusion
  2. Exhaustive analysis. You write on the way so no information is missed
  3. Better collaboration
  4. Man, isn’t it fun?

I know it would be much easier for you just to email. But how much time have you spent searching for information later on? I’d rather spend the time to get things organized first, then make it easier later to focus more on creating contents.

And I’m pretty sure of one thing: just next year, this entry will be outdated because many new services will come out. Semantic web, mobile apps are just a few to predict.

It’s not a fashionable fad or a time-killer, it’s a shift in the way we can be more effective. Do you want to miss the train trend?

Digital Divide

But you know, all these will never happen if digital divide hasn’t been closed.

Technology proficiency and more importantly, community habit is a big gap. I want my team to do so, but other teams may not, so some of my team members may argue “why do we have to!”

With the internet connection speed in Vietnam, using Google Docs et al is insane.

Today, a world that is flat is till a romantic dream for me.

Resources

I’ve already tried out these services. Kindly see mine as example of how things may end up evolve: taitran.com/blog/resources

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